Friday, December 19, 2014

Crespins mentioned in Land Records 1716-1762



167 171 194 180 437 438 775 Cristobal Crespin

I, Cristoval Crespin, a citizen of this jurisdiction of the new town of Santa Cruz de la Cañada, and of the families that were recruited in the city of Zacatecas by the Marquis de la Brazinas in the year of 1693, for the settlement of this province of New Mexico, appear before your Excellency in due legal form and state;

In this present year of 1714, I have remained in this province always serving His Majesty as there has not been allowed to my mother, Juana de Ansiso, who acted as head of the family, even a small lot of land to enable her to build a house, this prompted me to enlist as a soldier at this military presidio, where I served 14 years, but having an attack of sickness and being unable to perform my duties I withdrew the said enlistment some eight months ago.

Finding myself with a large family, a wife and children, and having no land to cultivate so as from the product I might gather there from to support my family, I therefore, register the land adjoining that registered by Ensign Salvador Santistevan and Capt. Bartolome Lovato, to the extent that there may be corn and wheat growing land at the said place on the Chama river, which land is uncultivated and unsettled and included in the public domain, and which I ask in a grant from your Excellency, who will please grant it to me together with the entrances with due respect exits.

I declare in due legal form that this, my petition is not made in dissimulation and as may be necessary, etc.
Signed Cristoval Crespin

Amendment – I will state that the grant I apply for is that our two families, that is to say my own and that of Nicolas Griego, may be accommodated; the available portion of said land to be divided between the two in equal portions, and in the form I ask the said grant… Cristoval Crespin

On 29 August 1714, granted whatever is left after granting 4 fanegas Salvador de Santistevan and Nicolas de Valverde, and the two fanegas with a house, lot and garden which in their outskirts I granted to Capt. Bartolome Lovato, then whatever land there shall remain I do, in the name of His Majesty...  Signed Juan Ignacio Florez Mogollon, Roque de Pinto

On 31 August 1714, Capt. Sebastian Martin, Chief Alcalde and War Captain, placed Cristoval Crespin and Nicolas Griego in royal possession as required in the grand made by His Excellency the Governor.  Having observed all the formalities, the land was granted.  Boundaries are:  adjoining the lands of Ensign Santistevan and Nicolas Valverde, whom were directed to place landmarks on the west of the said Chama River up to where the acequia madre will begin, on the south lands of Captain Bartolome Lovato, the south lands of Antonio de Salazar and to where the Chama joins the del Norte River; on the east the said Chama River and to he west the hills.  Signed - Sebastian Martin.

A year later, Cristobal Crespin is asking for an extension of the title to his property as he has been very ill.  He is also complaining that Jose Trujillo has encroached on his land since he has not been able to work on it.  Trujillo is told to demolish the corrals and vacate the property since the land was given in royal possession to someone else.  Signed Juan Ignacio Flores Mogollon, November 25, 1715.

SANM #171, Santa Fe

On 21 October 1718, Cristobal Crespin came to me that he had bought some lands and a house lot, in this villa on the other side of the river from Juan Martin, as it appears more in detail in the document...  He sold to Miguel Duran resident of said villa, and solider of the royal garrison for the price of 160 pesos which he received and declared that he was contented, satisfied and paid.  Witnesses were Bernardino Fernandez, Antonio Tafolla and Bernardo, signed Jose Bueno Bojorquez y Corona, (rubric)

SANM #194
In this villa of Santa Fe, on the 7th of November 1755, before me, don Francisco Guerrero, alcalde mayor, the teacher Sebastian de Vargas and resident of this villa, and whom I testify to know, presented himself and declared that he sold and did sell to Gregorio Crespin, also a resident of this villa to wit:

A portion of land capable of containing a fourth part of a peck of gran, for the consideration of 50 pesos, which the said Sebastian de Vargas received to his entire satisfaction and declared that the property was not worth any more.  The boundaries were east to west 400 Castilian varas bounded on the east by the road to Los Pecos; west as far as the church and a clump of trees; north the lands of Juan de Urioste and south with the house of the purchaser. Signed Francisco Guerrero, rubric; wit/ Manuel Vigil and Estevan Rodriges.

SANM #180

Gregorio Crespin, a resident of the said villa of Santa Fe, appear before you and not having a piece of land to be able to plant, and in order to fulfill my obligations, I have been informed of a piece of land that is located on the other side of the river and which is leavings of Captain Juan Garcia de las Ribas, who was a resident of the said villa and the lands are bound by on the east the lands of Captain Juan Garzia; on the west by lands of Juan Felipe Rodriguez; north the lands of Captain Sebastian de Vargas and south by the road leading to El Alamo.

At the villa on the 8th of August 1742, I the Lt Colonel, don Gaspar Domingo de Mendoza, Governor and Captain of this kingdom, commanded the alcalde mayor, don Antonio Ulibarri to go upon the track of lands asked for and examine them.

I, Antonio Ulivarri, after examining the lands, took Gregorio Crespin by the hand and led him over the grounds – He plucked the grass, cast stones and shouted saying “Long Live the King of Spain, My Lord, don Felipe the Fifth” whom God preserve for many years, and showed him the boundaries which are east the lands of Miguel Garcia de las Rivas, west the lands of Felipe Pacheco, north the public road leading to El Alamo and south the ancient ditch which is the boundary of Juan de Arguello.  At the said act of possession there were present, Felipe Tafoya, Juan Antonio de Apodaca, Juan de Arguello and Juan Antonio de Archuleta, whom I asked if they knew or had notice of any other person claiming such land and they said no.  Signed Antonio de Ulibarri, rubric; wit/ Felipe Tafolla, rubric and Juan Manuel Chirinos, rubric.

SANM #437

I, Bartolome Lovato, a resident of the new town of Santa Cruz and one of the citizens who immigrated to the province of New Mexico for the purpose of settling under order of the most excellent Count de Galva appear before you.  A piece of land which was granted to me in royal favor situated at the place called Chama on the other side of the river, said grant referred to but in conjunction with me the Ensign Salvador De Santistevan, Antonio Trujillo, Antonio Salazar and Cristoval Crespin together with Nicolas Griego, Nicolas Valverde and Juan de Mestas and we being placed in the settlement of the said place on 13th of January of the year.  We ask that the tract of land be ruled in our favor — Bartolome Lovato.

In 1716, land is being questioned, the grant apparently being withdrawn, 14 November 1716; Land is redistributed so that they may reap the fruit of their labors, especially as the lands in question are upon the frontier and are a grant benefit to the new town of Santa Cruz and the Pueblos of San Juan and Santa Clara.  Signed Juan Paez Hurtado, (rubric); Miguel Tenorio de Alba, Secretary of War

SANM #438

In this villa of Santa Fe, on 25 October 1718, appeared Cristobal Crespin, resident of Santa Cruz, said that he bought from Juana Martin some land and a house lot in this villa across the river, as well be evident by the instrument that was performed before me and was filed in the archives.  He sold to Miguel Duran a resident of this villa and a soldier of this royal garrison, for a certain price and amount which he received and for which he acknowledges having been fully paid;   Amount received was 166 pesos.  Resigned and witnessed, Diego Arias de Quiros, (rubric)

At the request of Miguel Duran, there was added to this writing the price of 166 pesos, Signed don Francisco Joseph Bueno de Bohorquez y Corcuera, rubric; wit/ Juan Manuel Chirinos and Juan de Pas Bustillos.

SANM 775

At the villa of Santa Fe on the 29th of October 1762, before me, Manuel Gallego, alcalde mayor of this villa, appeared Gregorio Crespin, a resident who was giving and gave in royal sale to the soldier Antonio Ribera, one portion of land and house composed of three rooms.  It is located at the place which they call Buena Vista and the boundaries are from north to south on the west side 267 ½ varas from west to east on the south side 316 ½ varas; from south to north of the east side 316 ½ varas; and east to west on the north side 198 ½ varas.   The boundaries are the east side the Pecos Road; west the lands of Bisente Sena; north, the lands of Felis Uriosti and south the lands of Nicolas Moran and Ricardo Crespin.

Signed Manuel Gallego, rubric at the request of Gregorio Crespin, Diego Antonio Baca, rubric
Wit/ Antonio Domingues, rubric and Joseph Miguel Garduño, rubric.

References;  Spanish Archives of New Mexico, Series I, Twitchell #'s 167, 171, 194, 180, 437, 438, 775.
©Henrietta M. Christmas

Tuesday, December 16, 2014

Miguel Romero ~ Will 1771



Be it publicly known to all who may see this will that I, Miguel Romero, legitimate son of Antonio Romero and Nicolasa del Castillo, natives of New Mexico, and resident of the town of Our Lady of Guadalupe and parishioners of San Buenaventura de Cochiti, am sick in bed and make this testament in the following manner.

I declare to have been married to Rosa Montoya during which marriage we had as our legitimate children:  Monica, Teodora, Juana Paula, Antonia de la Caridad, and Antonio Valentin all Romero.  Said five children I leave as my legitimate heirs of the share of my property which may belong to me, after having taken out the fifth part of said property for the payment of the funeral, masses and debts which I may have, and if anything is left to be returned to the Capital that may be divided between my wife and children in equal shares as they are the legitimate heirs.

I declare that I have a portion of land containing 510 varas from east to west at the place of Our Lady of Guadalupe, Cañada de Cochiti, although the land only contains 175 varas from east to west where my house is situated; said house contains five rooms and a porch.

I also declare that at La Cieneguilla, 200 varas of land from north to south and a house containing four rooms and a porch.

At las Huertas a portion of 500 varas of land from east to west.  For the said lands I have no instrument, but a note which was made by the chief Alcalde and Lt General, don Felipe Tafoya by request of Miguel Duran, that by it, the instruments of the said land should be made by Lt. Jose Garcia who was the vendor of said lands.

I also declare to have my apparel of war, containing a gun with its cover, blunderbuss, sword, lance, a leather jacket, should belt, broad sword, ammunition purse for one and a half pounds of powder, a shield, saddle cushions cuirass, saddle pommel, buttress, bridle and spurs.

I declare to have four second hand hoes, one ax, and an adze, one loom complete with tools and comb for blankets and sheeting, one pair of second hand cards, one complete spinning wheel.

I declare to have for commerce at my house, 117 large buckskins, 50 small ones and 30 smaller size; one piece of woolen cloth; one piece of fine scarlet cloth for a lapel; sixteen knives at my house; ten yards of linen; ten knives in possession of Jose Chinago; ten with Nicolas, Indian of the town of Cochiti; nine with Jose Tegua of the same place; twelve with Antonio, one with Che; four at the hose of Lorenzo from Zia; ten with Gallego from San Felipe; 82 varas of carpet; 51 breeding mares; four stud horses; one stud jack; 17 broken horses; four broken mares; nine mules; six pack-mules; three saddle mules; 27 breeding cows; 17 broken bulls; 11 two-year old and 13 one-year old bulls.

I also declare that I have to receive this present year of 1771, on the 4th of October 60 head of cattle from 2-6 year old bulls.

I declare that as the amount mentioned in the instrument made in my favor contains much more, the remainder belongs to my brother, Domingo Romero, whom I give power to compel Diego Romero to the fulfillment of said instrument, as I place my confidence in my said brother.

I declare that I have given al partido of 20 cows and 3 bulls which I have yet to deliver; four cows and calves on this year of 71.  I order this to be done and when done, to request the instrument and security of said cows, according to our agreement and at the expiration of five years will have to deliver 40 cows from 2-6 year old and in said increase, five bulls of the same age.  Said contract is made with my compadre Antonio Gallegos.

I declare that the alcalde mayor, don Bartolome Fernandez owes me 89 pesos and six reales in silver, money loaned.  Besides he owes me 50 buckskins of two pesos each; Alejandro Tenorio owes me 50 pesos in silver; Diego Romero, 30 buckskins – 20 large and ten medium size.  My compadre, Antonio Lucero, owes me 47 buckskins; Bernabe Gallegos, 19 buckskins – nine large ones which he promised to pay for one of his servants and the for his own account; Julian Vigil owes me 12 large buckskins; Casimiro Trujillo, three large buckskins and three pairs of stockings; Miguel Apodaca two large buckskins; Miguel Montoya, nine buckskins and seven pairs of black stockings; Manuel Gallegos two black blankets; Sebastian Lucero, two buckskins, one large and a small one; Marcos Archuleta 13 large buckskins and one broken mare mule in good condition; Jose Antonio Samora, five large buckskins and two pairs of stockings; Ysidor Maes, one large buckskin; Antonio Jose Jaramillo three large buckskins and four one-year old wethers; Joaquin Romero five large buckskins and two pairs of stockings; Juan Antonio Rael nine large buckskins; Manuel Garviso three buckskins; Nerio Antonio Montoya, six large buckskins; Francisco Aragon, four buckskins at two pesos each; Santiago Trujillo three pesos in silver; Manuel Bernardo Gallegos, one large buckskin and a gunny-sack; Vicente Sena, four pieces in blankets or stockings; Jose Garcia, five large buckskins; Basildo, and Indian from Santo Domingo seven buckskins; his mother-in-law nine large buckskins; Lorenzo, from Zia and those of his house owe me 14 buckskins at two pesos each – seven small ones and two blankets; Melchor from Santa Ana, one large and one small buckskin and a three-year old bull; Gallegos, Indian from San Felipe, three large buckskins; Miguelito, Indian from Santo Domingo, one large buckskin; Lucas from the same place, two buckskins at two pesos each. Baltasar, Indian from Cochiti, two buckskins; Jose Tegua from Cochiti, twelve buckskins with the understanding that he has to pay this year and four the next; Che, the Indian, owes me eleven large buckskins; Antonio, son of Che, four large and two small buckskins; Sambrano, the Indian three large and a small buckskin; Antonio Gallegos, two large buckskins; Jose Antonio Lucero, one buckskin of two pesos; Calletano Lorenzo Montano, one large buckskin of two pesos; my comadre, Geronima, one pair of stockings; the Chief Alcalde, don Bartolome Fernandez, three cows with calves; Manuel Felipe Varela, a cow and a calf; Vicente, the Indian from Cochiti, a cow and a calf; Jose Garcia a cow without calf; Santiago Sais, one mare in good condition; Joaquin de Luna, a three year old bull; Miguel Apodaca, a cow and a calf; Jose Antonio Lopez, two mares and two horses, mules of good size and condition broken with the rest ant the current prices of the lands;  Anastacio Garcia, a mare and horse mule and their rent at the current prices of the land; Juan Jose Padilla, the freight of four pounds of iron, and the balance in goods; Manuel Bernardo Gallegos one broken mare and horse mule and three complete packsaddles; Jose Manuel Silva, 200 picked fleeces of wool and 5 ½ varas of fine linen.  In failure of the payment of the linen, he is bound to pay at the rate of 1 ½ peso per vara, which will amount to 7 ½ pesos; rom My uncle, Juan Bautista Vigil owes me four pesos in silver; Juan Bautista Mestas An large buckskin; Diego Naranjo, four large buckskins; Bernardo Sanches, ten pesos in goods or stockings; Antonio Maes, a breeding mare; Bartolo Padilla a cow and a calf and a two-year old heifer; Juan Jose Padilla, a cow and calf; Sebastian Lucero, four pairs of stockings; Gervasio, Indian from Cochiti, one fat ox for the month of October; Basilio from Santo Domingo, one cart of corn to be paid now; Jose the Indian, one small buckskin; Juan Santisteban, one pair of stockings; Ramon Gallegos a two pesos buckskin.  I acknowledge to be true that I owe to Maria Rosa Paes a cow with a calf, and a wether; to Joaquin de Luna a wether; I order Antonio Martin to pay it.  I owe to a poor orphan four cows and calves; these I order and request be delivered to my brother, Domingo Romero, that he may keep them without security but keep them by my request until she may die; to Toribio Ortiz, I owe one cow; To Rev. Father Francisco Javier de Avila nine varas of sackcloth to my nephew, Jose Chaves, 15 head of cattle, six cows, six bulls and three calves, which I have not secured, but have given them to Antonio Gallegos – these I order and request to be delivered in good condition in which they maybe, I have in my possession from my mother seven breeding cows, six bulls and three calves, without any security, these will be delivered to whom she pleases, also declare that I have a cloth cloak from Castilla, one jacket of fine scarlet cloth, two scarlet cloth lapels, one pair of woolen pants garnished, two hats, one black and a white, one pair of buckskin pants, a linen lapel, three shirts, two pairs of drawers, one pair of shoes and a pair of boots.

I name as my executors my wife Rosa Montoya as first and Domingo Romero, my brother as second. And appoint as tutor and guardian of the property of my minors children and heirs, don Miguel Ortiz, my brother, who may receive the portion belonging to them until they may be married or may become of age.

The alcalde, don Nerio Antonio Montoya, was present to interpose his judicial authority, the testator did not sign and he was not able to; made at Canada de Cochiti on the 3rd day of April 1771. 

Nerio Antonio Montoya, rubric
Wit/ Pedro Antonio Trujillo, rubric
Andres Montoya, rubric

Appointed as appraises were Miguel de la Pena and Antonio Trujillo who inventoried the estate, November 2, 1771.

Schedule of inventory:
Rosa Montoya, $3,328.00
The fifth part, 665.50
Monica Romero, 532.50
Teodora Romero, 532.50
Juana Paula Romero, 532.50
Antonia Romero, 532.50
Antonio Romero, 532.50
Total amount $6,656.00
Amount of Capital $6,657
Balance, 1.00

Twitchell #799

I, Rosa Montoya, who was the wife of Miguel Romero deceased, resident of the Cañada de Cochiti, through this petition and in the best form of the law, appear and say that during said marriage we had and raised five children – Maria, Teodora, Juana Paula, Antonia, Antonio. The appointed Miguel Ortiz, guardian, the children are in my possession and ask that Miguel Ortiz appear before you to state his obligations. I ask that the inventory, four years later, is not what he has as property of my children.

Signed Rosa Montoya and I give notice and say that this is made with the consent of my second husband, Juan Antonio Lujan.

In favor of Rosa Montoya, the inventories are left with Miguel Ortiz but he must account for the increases every year and a new inventory was done for the children.

Reference:  Spanish Archives of New Mexico, Series I, Twitchell 792 & 799, Reel 4 Frames 1246-1267 and Reel 9 Frames 59-103. 
©Henrietta M. Christmas