At the villa of Santa Fe, on April 17, 1744, I, the Sergeant Major don Joachin Codallos y Rabal, Governor and Captain of this kingdom state – I have been informed by reliable sources that don Jose Reano, husband of Maria Roibal and legitimate father of Jose Reano of minor age has died and that all the property left by the deceased has been administered by the said doña Maria, with the assistance and under the management of don Juan Gabaldon; because the time allotted by law has passed and they have not proceeded to the settlement of the estate, neither have they attempted to collect the open accounts of the said deceased, nor have they appointed a guardian for the said minor in order to institute his defense – frauds will be examined, the rights of the minor will be guaranteed, I order that don Antonio de Ulibarri, Alcalde mayor of this villa, should advise the said widow and the aforesaid Gabaldon that on the 21st of this current month, they should give the reason and to answer to the charges that may be preferred against them in due form. Signed Rabal, rubric; don Francisco de Roa y Carrillo, rubric; Antonio Arambura, rubric.
At San Jose del Alamo, on the 20th of April 1744, I, Captain Antonio de Ulibarri, Alcalde mayor of the villa of Santa Fe state: I went to the place of San Jose del Alamo, and to the residential home of the doña Maria Roibal, where I found don Juan Gabaldon and the aforesaid doña Maria, and personally advised them what the decree expressed. Done in the presence of two witnesses, Pedro Antonio Truxillo and Sebastian Maese, Signed, etc.
doña Maria Roibal stated that gives as power of attorney to Gabaldon to answer all the questions per the decree. The place of residence is five leagues from the villa and she is said keeper of the property.
Don Gabaldon stated he would present the books and the rest of the documents pertaining to the property that has been in his possession. Signed by all.
At Santa Fe on April 25th, appeared don Alonso Real de Aguilar, a resident who said he would accept charge of the minor as guardian, to which he has been appointed and signed by Alonso Real de Aguilar, rubric with witnesses.
On May 6, 1744 an inventory was done:
First there are some main buildings which are the dwelling of said widow and minor. The belonged to the mentioned deceased with its lowers and uppers. Sebastian Apodaca and Lorenzo Alari were named as appraisers.
The main buildings, 450 pesos.
242 varas in the same place, 322 pesos.
Crossbeams, 32 at 32 pesos.
12 drawers, 120 pesos.
22 posts made of lumber, 72 pesos.
Split wood for roof, 140 pesos.
The house has 12 single doors and 3 double doors, 7 latches and one lock, four windows, 58 pesos.
48 canales, 68 pesos.
Total value of said structure, 1,200 pesos.
A small house which is 17 varas long and 8 varas wide, 1500 adobes, 22 pesos, 4 reales.
Morillas valued at 10 pesos 4 reales.
4 canales, 1 peso.
Two doors without keys, 4 pesos.
Total value, 38 pesos,
Another house located on the street which leads from the church to the west and it has a front with 40 varas and the north as many as 40 varas, 14,000 adobes in the entire house, 280 pesos.
Said house has eight rooms, a barn, a hallway and patio, 115 pesos.
Split lumber, 50 pesos.
This house has 12 doors, three with locks and four windows, 40 pesos.
22 canales, 5 pesos, 2 reales.
I huerta (garden) with 55 varas in length and 27 varas wide, it is fenced by cedar posts, 75 pesos.
Total value of this house in the villa, 565 pesos, 2 reales.
Value of the three houses-
Large house, 1200 pesos, 2 reales
Small house, 39 pesos
Villa house, 565 pesos, 2 reales.
Grand Total, 1,803 pesos 4 reales.
On May 6, 1744 the valuations continue at San Jose del Alamo.
20 tame oxen, 575 pesos
5 steers, 80 pesos
53 bulls, 795 pesos.
Total, 1,450 pesos
207 cows, 58 of them with claves and the balance barren, 4,430 pesos.
111 calves, 666 pesos.
62 tame mules, 2,480 pesos.
14 colts, 140 pesos.
4 breeding mares, 40 pesos.
6 two-year old breeding mares, 60 pesos.
5 yearling colts, 30 pesos.
4 buck mules, 100 pesos.
1 burro, 100 pesos.
20 packsaddles, 200 pesos.
Three cow bells, 6 pesos.
Two small bells, 4 pesos.
3 female burros, 45 pesos.
4 breeding mares, 48 pesos.
24 bulls, 360 pesos.
One branding iron registered, 18 pesos.
64 ewes, 1,666 pesos.
101 breeding goats, 202 pesos.
5 male goats, 10 pesos.
Two leather shields, 4 pesos.
Two common horse bridles with reins, 10 pesos.
One small sword with silver handle, 18 pesos.
1 sword, 6 pesos.
1 rapier with silver scabbard, 25 pesos.
1 shotgun, with scabbard, 36 pesos.
1 colored buckskin, 2 pesos.
2 rapiers without scabbard, 25 pesos.
One large urn, 1 peso.
One pair of embroidered silk stockings, 6 pesos.
One wine-colored jacket, 30 pesos.
One Castilian cloth cape, 30 pesos.
10 capes made of serge, 18 pesos.
Three very old carts 20 pesos.
3 old ploughshares, 27 pesos.
3 wood axes, 8 pesos.
One carpenter’s hatchet, 6 pesos.
Six used hoes, 6 pesos.
Three used pickaxes, 10 pesos.
One couplet, one scythe, and one jack plane, 6 pesos.
One nine-pound bar, 9 pesos.
24 canvas bags, 18 pesos.
2 barrels, 12 pesos.
On small barrel, 4 pesos.
22 bucks and two billy goats, 44 pesos.
One inkstand and sandbox made of copper, 4 pesos.
19 billy goats, 38 pesos.
One two-wheeled vehicle with equipment, 140 pesos.
One small bell, 20 pesos.
One stirrup, 25 pesos.
One pair of used scarlet cloth trousers, 20 pesos.
8 pieces of farm implements, odds and ends, 10 pesos.
55 cartloads of posts, 330 pesos.
408 pesos in reales, 408 pesos.
One carpenter’s tool, 2 pesos.
Two silver cups, 16 pesos.
7 little Indian herders, 350 pesos.
Two iron urns, 4 pesos.
Two old kettles, one large and one small, 6 pesos.
Six different pictures framed 36 pesos.
Four benches, 8 pesos.
Three small mirrors, 2 pesos.
Two pairs of silver brooches and two pair of buckles, 14 pesos.
One set of scales with frames, 20 pesos.
One small scale with frame, 4 pesos.
Two boxes with keys, 10 pesos.
One mulato slave named Pedro, 418 pesos.
Four copper candlesticks, 6 pesos.
10 old metal spoons, 5 pesos.
One ___, 60 pesos.
Total thus far, 15,462 pesos.
Set of lands, 1,000 pesos.
New total, 16,462 pesos.
Signed by Governor and witnesses.
Another 5,000 pesos in silver left at the city of Chihuahua with don Joseph de la Barrera, and another 1,000 were added by don Juan Gabaldon.
doña Maria came forth and stated since she had been ill she had full confidence of her son-in-law, Juan Gabaldon for the power of attorney.
The document goes on to deal with loans, interest and payments to the widow. Promissory notes are reviewed; bonds and partido contracts and Gabaldon will hold them in possession as they are paid. Forty-three in total valued at 2,222 pesos and fifteen other debts in animals, for a new total of 2,745 pesos.
Juan Gabaldon was sent to Chihuahua by Maria Roibal to sell and settle accounts of which was valued at 909 pesos, 7 reales in goods, animals and slaves. Then he purchased goods in the name of Maria Roibal cloth, household items, soaps, silver items, value of 40,158 pesos.
Too many items to document here, but definitely worth looking at the trade goods.
Signed Joachin Codallos y Rabal, rubric; don Francisco de Roa y Carrillo, rubric; Jose Romo de Vera, rubric; Sebastian de Apodaca, rubric on this October 9th, 1745.
References: Spanish Archives of New Mexico, Series I, Twitchell 762, Reel 8, Frames 1499-.
©Henrietta M. Christmas