Monday, April 8, 2013

Juanotilla, coyota ~ 1747 Estate

Inventory and investigation over the distribution of the properties of Juanitilla, half breed, citizen of the Pueblo of San Buena Bentura of Cochiti.

There died a woman citizen of that place and by nationality a coyote (half-breed), known by the name of Juanitilla who was survived by four children, who are her heirs and in order that they may receive the part which falls to the lot of an belong to all and to each one, from all her properties with the expenses of the funeral, masses, and interment defrayed, I Order, Juan Vigil, Alcalde Mayor and War Captain of the said Pueblo and its jurisdictions, to go with the witnesses to the house which was the home of the deceased and make an investigation of the goods and landed properties, that is house, ranches, lands, stock; and he shall make a partition of the goods one and another into equal parts, deducting from them the donations and legacies which the proclaimed deceased might have ordered for the serving men or women or to strangers.  If there is no written proof then it should be by proof of witnesses.

I order the Indians of said Pueblo of Cochiti, and those of Santo Domingo and San Felipe, that at the order of the Alcalde Mayor they shall round up the cattle of the goods of the said deceased woman; … On this July 4, 1747.  Signed Joachin Codallos y Rabal, Juan Jose Romo de Vera and Miguel de Alire.

In the Pueblo of San Buenaventura of Cochiti, on August 2, 1747, in compliance with the Governor, I, Captain Juan Vigil, proceeded to the house of said woman lived as I was ordered, I caused all of those goods form within the house to be shown, as in the same manner I caused to be gathered together the cattle, the sheep, horses, mares, and other goods which shall be recognized to be of the said deceased an having found a judicial instrument in the form of memorandum or testament made in the year 1731 before Diego Gallegos, Lt Of the Alcalde Mayor of this Pueblo of that time, in that which she declared they had four legitimate children of the legitimate marriage on son called Diego, Sebastian and Micaela, whom she declared as her heirs after her death and because of the death of her daughter, Ysabel, now deceased, her granddaughters, of Ysabel, who are Ysabel and Rejina, for having helped her and given her companionship, in order that these shall be given the same as the rest of her children.

Juanitilla ordered for the goods of her soul, of what remained, cows, mares, horses and the rest; I called the heirs and apportioned them into equal parts including each one by himself.  The goods from within the house there was given to Micaela – two axes, one spade, one ploughshare, one adze, one coa, one Indian basket, three buffalo hides, one thick elk skin of the beasts; her share was three horses and more mare and of the cattle, she was given five cows with calves, four heifers, two cows, one ox and seven bulls – small and large, of the sheep she was given 10 goats and five ewes and the part of the house and lands which the deceased, her mother assigned to her and she said she remained very content.

To Diego Jarachi, he was given one spade, one axe, one chisel, one gurvia, one plough point, one short sword, one gun, some stirrups, one hide, four horses and one mare, five cows with calves, and the part of the house and lands which his mother assigned to him, he was satisfied.

To Rejina, granddaughter of the said Juanitilla, according to the part which fell to the lot of her mother, named Ysabel, was given, three axes, one large and two small, one ploughshare, one coa, one Indian basket, one thick elk skin and three buffalo hides, three horses and one mare, six cows with calves, four heifers, one cow, one ox, and seven bulls – small and large, and the part of the house which her grandmother assigned to her.   She divided this with two nephews that she has, sons of a sister of hers called Ysabel, now deceased.  One was named Miguel and the other Ignasio; they all remained satisfied.

To Sebastiana, daughter of the deceased Juanitilla, was given, one ploughshare, one coa, one ox, one digger, one plough point, three buffalo hides, one thick elk skin, one Indian basket, three horses and one mare, of the cattle she was given five cows with calves, four heifers, two cows, one ox – with one cow and one bull, and for the house, it was wish to sell to those who remained in said house her share.  All this was given to her so she could be apportioned to her and two brothers which has, one called Ventura and the other Antonio, which was executed in my presence and was five goats, four ewes more and having divided them, they remained happy. 

To the two servants, one called Cristoval and now married in this Pueblo and to the other called Joachin a bachelor, there was given to each one, one horse, one saddle with stirrups, one short sword, one bridle, one cow and one bull, for having served their mistress until her death. 

This all done with two witnesses Spaniards who are Andres Montoya and Gregorio Garduño, signed on August 5, 1747.  Juan Vigil, Andres Montoya and Gregorio Garduño.

References:  Spanish Archives of New Mexico, Series I, Reel 1, Twitchell #185, Frames 1332-1338.
©Henrietta M. Christmas

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